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Equality implies provision for equal oppor­tunities persons for their self-development without any distinction of religion, caste, sex, wealth or status. The Right to Equality has been guaranteed by the Indian Constitution in Articles 14-18.

  • Article 14 - Art. 14 of the Indian Constitution say, “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or equal protection of the laws within the territory of India”. All are equal before the law. That means, no one can claim any special privilege. Nobody is above the law of the land.
  • Article 15 - Prohibition of discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
  • Article 16 - Article 16 of Indian Constitution ensures equality of opportunity for all citizens in public employment. It is further provided that in case of public employment the State cannot make any discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, sex, descent, place of birth or residence
  • Article 17 - Article 17 of Indian Constitution declares the abolition of untouchability and prohibit its practice in any form. The enforcement men disability arising out of ‘Untouchability’ shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law .
  • Article 18 - Article 18 of Constitution of India prevents the State from conferring of title. Besides, no Indian citizen shall accept any title from any foreign state. This is considered to be an important step towards the establishment of social equality in India.

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